By Steve Thompson, Contributing writer

With every penny counting these days, it's no surprise that everybody is searching for every single tax deduction and write-off they can find.

After all, saving money on taxes in the spring can free up a significant amount of cash that you could be doing other things with the rest of the year.

Itemizing might save you money over taking the standard deductions, but you need to remember that not all deductions and write-offs are applicable to every situation.

Some are limited by scope or other criteria, so don't forget to read the small print. Working with an experienced accountant or checking your facts with the IRS will also save you headaches in the future.

Keep in mind that peppering your taxes with lots of these write-offs might arouse suspicion with the IRS, which doesn't tend to be too tolerant of mistakes.

Debt calculator with bills

No. 5: Bad debt

According to the IRS, bad debt can be converted into deductions and write-offs in certain business and nonbusiness cases.

Bad debt occurs when you extend credit to someone, offer a payment plan, but never receive the money you are owed.

The most important thing with this deduction is that you must have significant proof of the debt and establish that you have taken reasonable steps to collect.

Make sure you've saved the invoice or invoices that you submitted to the other individual or entity.

Be careful though; you must also show that a transaction could not be considered a gift. Therefore loans to relatives where there was an understanding it might not be repaid, or any loans to minor children to pay for basic needs, cannot be considered deductible bad debts.

water heater installation

No. 4: Eco-friendly home upgrades

If you've used Energy Star products to make some home improvements, you might qualify for a tax credit.

The government is offering tax credits for qualifying geothermal heat pumps, small wind turbines, solar energy systems and fuel cells installed through 2016.

Be sure to save all receipts and the manufacturer's certification statement for your records. You can claim the credit using IRS Form 5695 and include the credit on line 52 of the 1040 form.

family moving, packed boxes

No. 3: Relocating

There are no deductions or tax write-offs if you've simply picked up and moved cross-country, but you can get some tax relief if you've moved more than 50 miles for a new job.

According to the IRS, you may be able to deduct your reasonable moving expenses but not any expenses for meals.

Besides the 50-mile "distance test," the IRS also requires a "time test." You must work full-time for at least 39 weeks during the first 12 months immediately following your move. The IRS offers exceptions to the time test in case of death, disability and involuntary separation, among other things.

Just remember that you cannot benefit twice from moving expenses. Many companies offer reimbursement for moving and travel expenses incurred by new employees, so if your boss has paid, Uncle Sam doesn't want to get the bill, too. This only applies if you've moved for a new job on your own dime.

waitress serving food at restaurant