Gun control advocates, however, charged the recall was successful because of "the shadowy maneuvers of the corporate gun lobby and a handful of extremists," said Dan Gross, president of the Brady Campaign to Stop Gun Violence.
Texas lawmakers pushed a series of bills that would make it easier and cheaper to own and carry a gun in that state. The legislators initiated the blitz on the same weekend that the National Rifle Association held its annual convention in Houston last May, CNN affiliate KTXA reported.
At least two of those measures were signed into law by Gov. Rick Perry: it's now easier for a person to renew a license to carry a concealed handgun, and veterans and peace officer now pay a lower fee for concealed handgun licenses.
One measure that stalled, however, is a Missouri-like proposal that would prohibit any state employee from enforcing federal gun laws -- such as capacity limitation or registration requirements -- that don't exist under state law.
"The Second Amendment is the amendment that keeps the people free," said Tea Party Republican state Rep. Steve Toth, who sponsored that stalled bill, according to KTXA.
A month after the Connecticut school mass shooting, New York became the first in the nation to create new laws imposing mental health regulations on firearm ownership.
The laws fortify New York's existing assault weapons ban, limit ammunition magazines' capacity to seven bullets rather than 10 and strengthen rules that govern the mentally ill, which includes a requirement to report potentially harmful behavior.
The postcard-worthy town of Newtown -- devastated last December by the shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary that killed 20 children, all aged 6 or 7, and six adults -- is now seeing an upswing in gun permits.
With 27,000 residents, Newtown issued 171 pistol permits last year and 209 permits so far this year, on pace to double the 2012 figure, according to the Wall Street Journal.
Meanwhile,Connecticut passed this year new gun laws that are among the toughest in the country. They add more than 100 guns to its list of banned assault weapons and limit the capacity of magazines to 10 rounds. They also mandate the creation of the nation's first statewide registry of people convicted of crimes involving the use or threat of a dangerous weapon, among other things.
Nevertheless, the new gun controls prompted some residents to acquire a firearm.
"Fear did not prompt me," said Nancy Elis, a widow and grandmother who lived in Newtown for 28 years before recently moving to the nearby town of Southbury. She never owned a gun before this year, when she secured a gun permit.
"When I started to hear all the gun control talk, that's what prompted me," Elis told CNN. "Our rights are being slowly infringed upon and that this whole idea of controlling guns has come to my backdoor."
She bought a gun because, she said, "there may be a time when I may never be able to get a firearm."